Seeing the Glorious Optimism of NTB from the Bajo Island Seaweed Farmers, Kowangko, Dompu Amid the Covid-19 Storm
Rusdianto Samawa, Indonesian Lobster Fishermen Association (ANLI), Writing from Bajo Island Seaweed Zone, Bajo Village, Kowangko District, Dompu Regency - NTB
It's been two days on Bajo Island, Kowangko Dompu, West Nusa Tenggara (NTB). Currently, it has entered this area umpteenth time. Kind of like a reunion with old friends. In the past, in 1997, he set foot on Bajo Island because his first cousin married a Bajo Islander.
During his famous time, the head of Kowangko Village was named: Kaharuddin (retired TNI), now - maybe he is a member of the Dompu DPRD. I heard so. He said: DPRD members are the most compassionate, loyal, and populist. Kowangko is famous for two things, namely: Music, Alcohol and Seaweed. Especially the art of music, not a few people from Tarano sub-district, such as Dusun Bonto, Labuhan Bontong Village, Banda Village, Karongkeng Hamlet, Bantu Lante Village.
Including myself, when I remember this story I sometimes laugh to myself, funny and ridiculous. Because the hobbies of some youths in Bonto Village are “Ngayo Joget,” only for jogging and singing, sometimes the bridal show from Terujung, Labuhan Jambu, Kunil, Pidang, Kowangko, Dompu and Bima.
I was so fun and nosy, a friend deliberately sought information, released and organized a wedding reception that had an invitation from the Dompu and Bima Bands. Wow, if you imagine fun, the dynamics of life, meeting new friends,
This music art is only held when there is a wedding ceremony. Band Bima's music at night attracted many people. Because, Band Bima filled the event from after the reception until we met in the morning. Usually, the event organizer also provides meals, snacks, and security. Sometimes, I don't care about the fuss between youths.
Well, this Bajo Island, coincidentally like a bay, lives above sea water. In the past, this fishing village was built on a small land, only a few meters away. The first people on this island came from the Bajo tribe too. Hereditary continues to hoard or reclaim. Finally, it becomes an island.
I just found out that Bajo Kowangko Dompu Island existed in 1997. Thanks to my cousin. It turns out that for a long time, since before Indonesia's independence, there was this Bajo island. Get in there, the means of transport: "outboard engine boat." About 35 minutes crossing there. The size of wooden ships (boats), not Fiber Class, is around 15-30 Gross Tons. Sea currents are not large. Because the island is surrounded by hills (bay).
Now, we can see the expanse of the entrance to Bajo Island. Some of them are asphalt. 1997 is still the initial process of reclamation of the entrance road. Just started hoarding rocks. Now, the driveway is long, partly asphalt. Although not yet fully connected to the village of Pulau Bajo.
Condition of the fishing village of Bajo Island: first water had to be transported from Kowangko. Transport by boat. The water sellers, there are drinking water entrepreneurs, use tanker trucks and jerry cans. From this truck the people of Bajo Island buy water for bathing and drinking.
Including me the most surprised, even though the water is hard. The woman is white, beautiful, on average long hair. Maybe because there is no beauty salon. Even so, not a few young men at that time were attracted to the beautiful fishermen's son, like the sea pearl angel.
Yesterday, when he entered the Bajo village: many old friends were surprised. Call it a “Jaelani” nickname Jae, who has worked as a seaweed farmer and fisherman since he was young, 10 years old and has been a fisherman. Yes, it's so hard living on Bajo Island. It is the same with myself, when I was 10 years old, I was carrying the “Rangala” a wooden plow. The difference: Jae is at sea, I'm on land. Sometimes I am also at sea because all my families come from fishermen, shrimp farmers, milkfish, salt farmers and bakulan traders.
I asked Jae for a reunion to take me on a tour using: "Beggo", a ship measuring 30 Gross Ton. It turns out that the seaweed stretch looks green on the north and south of the island of Bajo. Many farmers plant in the sea. The results are abundant and there are also ups and downs in the results. Dependence on the price of seaweed, which is still cheap.
I see the future optimism for NTB from Bajo Island. The abundance of marine and capture fisheries products accompanies the work of the Bajo Island fishing community. In fact, the community is of the opinion: "It remains only to manage well, assisted by facilities and facilitated by existing BUMDs to increase the catch of fishermen and seaweed farmers."
As it turned out, after being verified: “That's right, Bajo Island is one of the seaweed centers that are included in the map of the national industrialization map because its production continues to increase from year to year. This Bajo Island Seaweed is an export category.
Indeed, in the past it was said that processed seaweed products were less developed. Yes, right. One factor did not develop due to weak banking support. because seaweed technology requires large funds. That is actually the weakness and challenge of the Bajo Island seaweed farmers. Seaweed processing technology is expensive, so banking support is very important.
In the future, it is important for the NTB provincial government to carry out a vision of industrialization in order to mobilize banks, especially regional banks, to pay closer attention to seaweed farmers. This is the hope of NTB Gemilang at sea.
Currently, the volume of seaweed is still low, so it cannot become an industry. Even though NTB is very much supported by the central government, it is even designated as a Road Map for the development of seaweed industrialization. Supposedly, this opportunity continues to be processed, matured and executed.
Imagine, the fishing communities and seaweed cultivators of Bajo Island alone can produce tens of thousands of tons. Actually, NTB can be a major exporter. From the data from the Marine and Fisheries Service, it is stated that: in 2014, there were 14,950 Ha (62.30%) of seaweed cultivation with a potential production of 897,000 tons per year. Cultivation was carried out from 1993 to 2014 in the islands of Medang, Labuhan Kuris, Labuhan Pidang, Labuhan Terata and Sangoro. The land area utilized was 5,028.93 hectares (33.64%) with production in 2013 of 250,000 wet tons 31,250 dry tons. Means that it is still below the potential amount.
While the District. Bima in 2015 the target of seaweed production was 918,021 tonnes of wet. While the 2016 harvest was 770,374 tons. If you look at the realization of seaweed production in the Province of NTB in 2016, translating to 1,080 tons, it shows that it has exceeded the target. Most of the production is located in the coastal area of Sumbawa Regency, which reaches more than 500 tons, followed by East Lombok with 170 tons, Bima Regency and West Sumbawa Regency.
For 2017, the seaweed production target is 950 tons. Then, in 2018 is Kab. Bima 78,300 tons, Kota Bima 700 tons and Kab. Dompu 33,600 tons. The potential for seaweed cultivation is also one of the production supporters with an area of 13,850 hectares around the district. Dompu and Kab. Bima.
Among them include the contribution of Bajo Kowangko Dompu Island of 800 hectares. In 2018 the yield of Sargassum seaweed was 40 tons. The current production potential of Bajo Island seaweed is hundreds of thousands of tons. Of course, this great potential and opportunity is expected to support the export of marine and fishery products in NTB and support the steps of the industrialization vision and mission in meeting international market demands.
The West Nusa Tenggara (NTB) Provincial Government is targeting seaweed production in 2018 to reach 1 million tonnes. The target is set to meet domestic and foreign market needs. However, not reached 1 million tons. Only 60 percent. However, the export target has succeeded in targeting various main importing countries of seaweed from NTB, including China, Japan, the United States, Denmark, Germany, the Philippines and Vietnam.
West Nusa Tenggara (NTB), has the potential to reach 1 million tons, or even more. This is because the seaweed production centers are scattered in nine districts / cities, except for Mataram City. The largest seaweed production center is in the district. Sumbawa's production target was 498,417 tons in 2018, followed by East Lombok 174,770 tons, Bima 78,300 tons, West Lombok 76,925 tons, West Sumbawa 90,000 tons, Central Lombok 47,275 tons, Dompu 33,600 tons, Bima City 700 tons, and North Lombok 13 tons.
For the people of Bajo Island who are predominantly fishermen and seaweed cultivators, this potential is very good to spur the household income per capita of the Bajo Island community. The large amount of production has actually positioned Bajo Island as a supplier of food barns for NTB. Even though it is positioned as a small island, it has a positive correlation to improving the economic welfare of fishermen. This includes not having a significant impact on reducing the number of stunting / malnutrition.
To achieve the production target, the government must encourage fishermen and cultivators to use superior seeds that are resistant to pest attacks so that their production volume is better. Moreover, it must be supported by a banking scheme so that it can achieve a sustainable increase in seaweed production.
Most importantly, what the government must pay attention to is that the complaints of Bajo Kowangko Island seaweed farmers are that the price is not yet promising. The selling price is around IDR 7 thousand to IDR 9 thousand / kg. As a result, farmers are less motivated. Therefore, seaweed production is used for processed products, such as cakes and processed products with added value.
Therefore, it is hoped that it will be able to increase the quality of seaweed production so that it can compete in national and international markets. In addition, it guarantees the distribution of welfare and economy for coastal communities and fishermen around the waters of the island of Bajo Kowangko Dompu. The role and support of the Central, Regional government: Provincial and District / City as well as NTB Syariah Bank and BUMD. Farmers, fishermen and cultivators really need this participation, so that the Bajo Island seaweed will continue to advance in the future. 
Rusdianto Samawa, Seeing the Glorious Optimism of NTB from Bajo Island Seaweed Farmers, Kowangko, Dompu: Amid the Covid-19 Storm
https://pelopor.id/melihat-optimisme-ntb-gemilang-dari-petani-rumput-laut-pulau-bajo-kowangko-dompu-ditengah-badai-covid-19/. Retrieved 5 Dec 2020.
BRIGHTNESS AND BRILLIANT
By: Rusdianto Samawa, Executive Director of Global Base Review (GBR)
Highlighting the performance of the Prov. NTB has not had enough in less than a year. Like a new born child, they are still learning to tell the truth, educating themselves through adulthood and of course they must be supervised. Because a new child is born, at the age of approximately one year, he becomes superactive and wants to break through his previous environmental habits.
Obviously, the age of Governor Zulrohmi's new government has not yet reached a year. So it is very natural to take a wave of various criticisms that come from all directions to become nutrition towards a healthy government.
Critical notes emerge from the following aspects: Korean scholarships, the number of skilled staff and year program achievements. These three things were observed, lasting less than a week decorating the universe of social media, mainstream media, online media and WhatsApp groups.
I just read Dr. political message, clarification and affirmation. Zul as the Governor of NTB published by Tempo, Kompas and other media. This affirmation is in the process of recruiting and placing scholarships for nurses and health workers at a university in Korea.
However, this clarification may not satisfy all parties. However, it is necessary to know that the structuring of NTB human resources needs to be done with super power. Because the Human Development Index (IPM) Prov. NTB is still in the bad category. So counted backward.
Even so, we have to evaluate objectively, the age of government of approximately one year requires a struggle of ideas, ideas, and conceptual debate so that it becomes the direction of development to become bright and brilliant.
Provincial government position. NTB must also admit criticism as healthy nutrition. Because controlling the government whose function is to serve and prosper the people must work extra super.
The value of service must be greater than fragmatic fulfillment so that government programs can be transformed properly. Likewise, about the large number of special staff in the category of wasting the budget but their work is minus dedication.
Likewise, for the critics (opposition), what needs to be debated is the process of testing Cemerlang's vision to become Gemilang. Of course, the benchmark of how to test it is to mobilize public opinion to debate the vision.
The indicators are clear, the steps of the Governor of NTB provide opportunities and take on challenges in the transformation of human resources through the preparation of scholarship spaces for generations of NTB people so that they want to get out of the stagnant zone towards changes in the future.
Of course, academically the scholarship program is a ladder to be bright so that in the future it can be brilliant so that the civilization of the people of NTB can improve from any aspect. The vision of NTB Gemilang will not be achieved if it only accustoms the community to "eating fish or meat" without them studying or studying.
The orientation of the community in order to be brilliant and bright, of course, must interact around the educational environment, creating a new atmosphere, living methods, and the natural environment that supports their aspirations and desires. Of course that education makes the community Brilliant so that it achieves Brilliance.
We can interpret the Governor's decision to take the path of organizing civilization through education as very precise. Although, lately the Governor is very often bothered by sectoral issues that are not populist. You shouldn't have to answer with posts on social media.
The way to answer, is simply to ask the Korean student candidates to admit that they really study and work, according to the big plan of the Provincial Government. NTB.
However, it is also necessary for the opposition or critics to interpret it objectively. The intention of the NTB Governor is not to clarify in social media, but to open up new opportunities to be criticized through social media channels so that all the planned programs achieve perfection.
The character of the NTB Governor's mode of communication is very unique: openness and transparency of verbal and horizontal communication are carried out independently. Almost specialized staff in their respective fields were unable to understand the style.
However, the NTB Governor also needs to know, the situation of the community as beginner social media players and surfers, of course they are psychologically happy when the Governor greets them through the popular social media channel.
Apart from that, the Pemprov's public relations teams. NTB also needs to set a strategy in order to transmit information on the concepts and ideas of the vision of NTB Gemilang at all stages to the public. Because the real test is in the public assessment of the NTB Governor's performance.
In the context of communication psychology, the infrastructure for disseminating information is through any kind of media channel. Because the real intention is to be conveyed to the public. However, for the Governor there must be a new perspective in the transformation of his ideas, not necessarily through social media. The Governor's Region leads the concept and idea of the NTB Gemilang vision openly with the teams that have been composed. The task of Public Relations is to transmit the idea into an attractive presentation for the public.
Indeed, the governor needs to set a strategy for dealing with the media, both during interviews, OnAir and Live. Moreover, social media channels use live elements that interact directly with the community. So from the appearance: voice, speech, intonation, words and sentences must be arranged in such a way. What should be avoided is the potential for personal abuse. This means that if the dynamics of financing occurs in the process of dynamizing the concepts and ideas of NTB Gemilang, there is no problem.
Public relations strategy needs to be understood by public relations leaders. Because the leadership is said to be Cemerlang and Gemilang depending on the aspects of idea production, reporting and situation management, and even emotional understanding of the community. In fact, it's very easy to find out who they are, where are they, what they want and what do they want? Because the people of NTB still adhere to the paradigm of two things, namely cultural and structural.
Yes, those two things are embraced by the people of NTB. Unless it is the level of modernity and metropolitan society that must be faced structurally full time according to group interests. On the other hand, if the people of NTB can still be faced with rationalization of conditions and situations. Because it is still measurable in terms of education, group, desire and friendship.
Finally, the commotion of some of these things is the heat of political factions to crystallize groups so that they can gain sympathy from the public so that they can gain legitimacy. However, the progress of the Governor of NTB in terms of: communication, character, fashion, publicity, political career and sociability, made them quickly caught out to be pushing competitors in the upcoming regional elections.
That is, it is natural for the opposition because every swing has a pull, while vibrations produce movement, and all objects that soar must experience gratification. That is the politics of "Governor's Swing" to reveal political identity early. That is Cemerlang's step towards Gemilang. 
Cemerlang and Gemilang, http://www.wartakriminal.co.id/cemerlang-dan-gemilang/. Retrieved 4 Dec 2020.
The fate of the Salt Farmers in Labuhan Bontong, where are the local government regulations?
I entered Labuhan Bontong Village, Tarano District, Sumbawa Regency, on August 7, 2018, pay attention to the community and have a dialogue about the many people of Labuhan Bontong Village who have not received electricity. Then, I facilitated the provision of KWH / electricity meter, as a solution in the midst of a village government that is not aware of the activities of the poor.
Such things are actually taking sides, but in reality, they allow themselves to eat up the Village Fund. If only village funds were used to procure electricity, the Labuhan Bontong community might have enjoyed electricity for those who haven't had electricity so far.
In fact, if the Village Fund Allocation (ADD) was intended for the welfare of coastal communities, farmers and fishermen so that their houses were installed with electricity, then it would be clear that the people's economy would definitely improve. Yes, it is not the same when there is no electricity. Even though the Village Fund does not require as many as billions, but only a little, not much.
Then, after I visited the community, I met the salt farmer as well as the businessman. His name is Suhada, a resident of Labuhan Bontong village. Hearing the story of Suhada and her husband about salt, makes anyone surprised when they hear it. How sad the salt farmers are, from price to sales distribution.
This price issue makes Indonesian salt farmers feel as if they are being trampled by greedy capitalism. Why not, the management scheme is uncertain. Prices fluctuate up and down. Farmers sell themselves with small sacks of 5 kg, the price is Rp. 10,000, if local businessmen who are also salt farmers, take the salt that is already available in the place, around Rp. 12,000 to 15,000, then the sale applies for Rp. 20,000 to Rp. 25,000 per 5 kg.
Things like this happen because of the lack of attention of local governments to maintain local prices on salt. At a minimum, the Sumbawa regional government should carry out market operations and maintain the stability of the price of salt, so that farmers do not feel cheated by prices and the government gets results from a good process in local revenue. Even business people don't complain about unpredictable prices.
Moreover, Labuhan Bontong salt is often threatened by floods and submerged in water, so it is easily damaged and has no price. This is the government's homework to provide protection to salt farmers, so that they don't complain all the time.
Another complaint was when the salt cooperative was present at Labuhan Bontong but the farmers still complained. Moreover, the management of the cooperative is messy about the profits of buying and selling salt as well as the management of government subsidies that are not transparent, so that the cooperative members mutilate and demonize one another.
Not to mention that the salt farmers from Labuhan Bontong are in debt and the system is choking them. In addition to the presence of imported salts, of course, salt farmers from Labuhan Bontong experience unfair competition at all.
In my previous writing, in February 2016 entitled Strengthening the National Salt Production Infrastructure, there were many reasons for the government being disclosed to the people in order to ensure that the import of salt was very urgent. Though it is not supposed to import salt.
The salt polemic in recent years has invited analysis of salt farmers, whether it is considered affected or not. There are several things that need to be explained, first: why import? This question depends on the attitude of state officials and the level of nationalism. If we meet the people's needs with imports, then our pride in national salt will certainly not exist.
This salt importer pattern is a system that has long been struggled by foreign cartels who cooperate with officials who are the distributors. The most basic reason for imports is extreme weather (Pen: New Anomaly) which causes salt scarcity. Though that's not what happened. It's not the weather. However, there are limitations to strict government control regulations on the salt business cartels, which during this 4 month period they accommodate and accumulate them.
Simply put, blame nature for lack of companionship sun and rain. This is not a good reason for the government to blame nature. The government should improve the salt distribution pattern at both the farmer and market levels. This distribution pattern often creates salt crises because the government itself often trusts salt cartels for imports.
Second, the national salt management infrastructure is inadequate. From 1942 to 1995, it was very difficult for salt farmers to modernize their salt production tools and to store salt in pond farmers.
If the government is committed to developing management and concentrating service work for assistance in the development of salt infrastructure, then there must be an adequate allocation of national salt infrastructure, for example the construction of salt reservoirs, production equipment, water extraction machines or fresh water collectors.
In the past, my parents came down to us now that we still feel the process of becoming a salt farmer is simple and the production pattern is long. Of course it takes more or less time for salt production. Even then, the results are not necessarily good because it is based on the development of the natural climate.
Therefore, it is better for the government to focus on improving the national salt infrastructure, shortening the salt distribution pattern that no longer involves foreign cartels. So, national salt farmers can have a strong independence and survive and salt stocks are always available.
The government helps Labuhan Bontong salt farmers through a heavy equipment assistance scheme in the form of an activator and is accepted by the cooperative. This excavator is controlled by one person. The excavator should have been used to improve the infrastructure of salt farmers. The government is already good at providing assistance through commission II aspiration funds.
The excavator assistance throughout NTB received, both in Labuhan Bontong, Sekotong West Lombok and Bima salt farmers. So the excavator is meant to improve the infrastructure of the salt farmers in Labuhan Bontong. Not for personal control and group power so that borrowing is difficult. This means that the excavator assistance needs good management by the cooperative and should not be sold.
Third, based on observations, for one pack of salt containing 10 boxes of salt, the original price of Rp 2,500 has now increased to Rp 7 thousand. As for table salt, which originally only cost Rp. 10 thousand, now it has jumped to Rp. 25 thousand.
The problem with the government is not to prioritize the interests of the people who are salt pond farmers. It is advisable to first distribute to all traditional markets as the center of people's needs.
The government must also be harder to cut the chain of salt cartels, which have been a disease for salt farmers. It is this cartel chain that has caused many salt-producing areas to plummet.
So, if only I have the will to change things so that they don't become a cartel playing field. So it must strengthen salt farmers with policies or regulations on empowerment and sustainable development.
One of the most important things to build is a salt distribution equipment, less wide roads, salt storage sheds, and salt production equipment. All that must be improved, in addition to managing the distribution system and salt flow.
Do not let the government intend to import salt, then improvise policies by driving cartels to buy, accommodate and distribute and change the NaCl levels. The input of salt farmers for the government must be implemented immediately. Including presenting high technology methods so that national salt can be fulfilled.